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What are the effects of Sexual Violence?

There can be many different effects that survivors experience in the days, weeks, months and years following sexual violence. There is no right or wrong way to respond and each survivor will react differently. Some survivors may be affected in many ways some will be affected by none, however a survivor responds in absolutely normal for them. The following are some of these potential effects:

Physical

  • Sleep problems
  • Loss of energy
  • Gynaecological problems
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • IBS
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Tension
  • Weight loss/gain
  • Fertility problems
  • Decreased immunity
  • Pregnancy

Emotional

  • Anger
  • PTSD
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Dissociation
  • Nightmares
  • Fear
  • Flashbacks
  • Low self-esteem/confidence
  • OCD
  • Panic attacks
  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal thoughts/attempts
  • Self-blame
  • Substance/alcohol misuse
  • Sexual problems

You can see Rape Crisis Scotland's leaflet 'Self-harm: information for survivors of sexual violence' here.

You can see Rape Crisis Scotland's leaflet 'Flashbacks' here.

Social

  • Difficulties trusting others
  • Relationship difficulties
  • Parenting problems
  • Withdrawal from social situations
  • Difficulties engaging in education
  • Difficulties engaging in employment
  • Reduced participation in wider community

You can find more information in Rape Crisis Scotland's leaflets 'Coping after Sexual Violence' here and 'Healing from Sexual Violence' here.

Related downloads

RASAC Referral Form 2019

RASAC Referral Form 2019

If you are looking to refer any young person (12+) or adult woman to RASAC for Support please ensure you fill in all relevant sections of our referral form and entire that the individual you are referring signs the form. We aim to offer an initial appointment to the individual within two to three weeks. Alternatively we have a women's drop in every Tuesday between 12pm and 2pm at our premises at 16 King Street, Perth

Latest news

We are Hiring!   Sexual Violence Prevention Worker

We are Hiring! Sexual Violence Prevention WorkerMay 30: Do you want to make a change in society and join a team passionate about gender based violence?

RASAC P&K Multi Agency Online Visit

RASAC P&K Multi Agency Online VisitMay 16: Find out what we do, who we work with and how you can refer to our services.

Up and coming Trauma Informed Training...

Up and coming Trauma Informed Training...May 16: This online course aims to support practitioner understanding of the impact of trauma (with a focus on child sexual abuse and exploitation) on children, young people and adults.

Make a difference - Come Work with us - Advocacy Worker

Make a difference - Come Work with us - Advocacy WorkerMay 3: Providing specialist support and advocacy for survivors who are considering reporting to police, or who are already engaged in the criminal justice system following a sexual crime.

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